Pop-out Air Pistols
JGA 'Dolla' Popout Air Pistol.
See also entry for Dolla Mk2.
With thanks to Trev for this pic.
And another in an original JGA box. With thanks to the owner for permission to post.
It has 'Keenfire' stamped on the grips, as on the pellet tin. John Griffiths, author of The Encyclopedia of Spring Air Pistols, says: "Keenfire was a brand name used by a US company for its pellets and for the JGA pistol, which it imported from Germany and distributed in the States."
Harrington Gat Popout Air Pistol.
This is an edited extract from the Blue Book of Airguns, compiled with the assistance of Trevor Adams and John Atkins:
Trade name of T.J. Harrington & Sons Ltd. of Walton, Surrey, England.
About one million spring-piston, push-barrel airguns (based on the 1877 H.M. Quackenbush patent) mfg. from 1937 to 1940 and 1947 to 2000. Sold to Marksman Products of Huntington Beach, CA circa 2000 with production continuing.
The GAT is a low cost, mostly cast alloy, pop-out type pistol. It was first introduced in 1937, production ceased during the war.
The design of the GAT drew heavily upon an H. M. Quackenbush patent of 1877. All GATs have a smoothbore .177 barrel. Many are also fitted with a muzzle device that enables corks, as well as pellets and darts, to be fired.
The GAT design has undergone few variations; the most significant one would be the addition of a safety catch in 1982, to make the gun acceptable on the U.S. market.
In 1987 a smoothbore long gun version of the GAT was produced and marketed with little success.
Photo by Simon Speed.
And the Gat 'rifle' long gun:
Thanks to Mick for these pics:
Lincoln Jeffries Scout box (reproduction?)
With thanks to Richard L for these pics.
He describes the box thus:
"It's well made but not 'factory accurate' as from a jig or punched pattern. It has a thin card base liner to both pistol and 'pellet' compartments.
The pellet push rod is fed through a hole and sits happily enough.
Whilst showing signs of having contained the Scout for a considerable length of time - you can see dark marks where the muzzle and front end of body tube have lain.
So it's been made in antiquity and i believe it may have been made in the early 1970s.
I noticed an indented stamp pattern on one of the sides. It's part of the three rotating arrows denoting the card as recycled.
Research reveals this and other alike derivatives - no design copyright ever existed - have been used on card from this time.
The odd bluish tinge on the labels appears to be a reaction of the paste used as a fixative, then roughly smeared across the surface as a sealant as the effect is carried over the card where the brush has wiped.
The enclosed booklet was probably a duplicate, one being cut to provide the illustrations for the top and interior.
Well cut and mounted with good black framing."
LOC (made by JGA?)
With thanks to John G for these pics.
John's post on the airgunbbs.com was as follows:
"Bottom drawer oddities. Number 3. The LOC pistol – an example of Nazi subterfuge?
The following little pistol had been shelved away for a few years as it needed quite bit of tlc. As you can see, part of the grip has broken away and also someone has drilled a random hole in the grip, probably to test the sharpness of one of his drill bits, or maybe just because he felt like it.
The pistol will look familiar to some of you, as it is identical to the German Dolla Mark II pistol made by Anschutz between about 1929 and 1939.
However, if you look closely you will see that the grip medallion is impressed with the initials” LOC” instead of the usual “Dolla”, or “JGA” found with these pistols.
Comparing the medallion with a JGA example you can see the close similarity of the two styles of lettering.
Of course, the “LOC” trademark could just be another example of rebranding by a major distributor, so to test this I took the gun apart and compared it very closely with a disassembled JGA example. Every part, including screws, proved to be identical and interchangeable with the JGA, and the materials used and the various dimensions of the guns were identical. So the LOC appeared to be almost certainly an Anschutz product.
Firstly it claims to have a registered US patent, and yet no such patent exists. In fact no patent has been granted anywhere for a push-barrel design pistol ever since Quackenbush took out his US patent for the design in 1876.
Secondly, it claims to have been made in Japan. Japanese spring air pistols are virtually unknown - in fact only one comes to mind, and that dates to about 1930. It seems incredibly unlikely that a Japanese manufacturer would go the extreme lengths of copying a well known German design down to the last detail in this way. What would be the point? This gun must surely have originated from Germany which means that the markings are purely fictitious.
This is further borne out by comparison of the boxes for the LOC pistol and for the German JGA pistol. The two are identical in graphics and differ only in the lettering. Interestingly the LOC box label repeats the myth that the gun originates from Japan.
I acquired my pistol about 10 years ago off American fleabay when the seller advertised it as a damaged toy pistol. Evidently fleabay agreed with him and never took the ad down, leaving me to snap it up at a very low price. In those wonderful days mailing air pistols from the States to the UK was no problem (and postal costs were a lot cheaper), and it arrived within a week. Since then I have seen three or four examples on the internet, all in the USA and never in the UK, so it seems to have been exclusively an American import.
The motivation for faking the “Made in Japan” markings in the run up to WW2 would then have been either to help overcome customer prejudice in the USA against German products, or to get round trade tariffs or even a trade embargo. Either way, the ploy would have been driven by economic need as Germany was desperate to get dollar currency at the time, as they had a massive trade deficit due to putting most of their industrial effort into war peparations.
This Hudson catalogue ad, dated 1936, illustrates the pistol with its original German JGA trademark, but is coy about saying exactly where it was made, just saying “…. From Europe” . This suggests that the fake "Made in Japan" labelling happened nearer 1940.
I had a look on the internet and it seems that by 1935 the USA had put Germany on its black list of countries that received no trading concessions from the US, and after 1939 a further 25% tariff was slapped on all German goods.
Interestingly I also came across this news headline dated June 10th this year referring to US trade:
"Chinese Exporters Dodge Tariffs With Fake Made-in-Vietnam Labels"
Another LOC spotted for sale in the US.
With thanks to John G for the heads up.
This one boxed and with a JGA-branded pistol for comparison.
With thanks to Mick for these pics.